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NISO Plus 2021 is going to be a global virtual event, happening literally around the world February 22-25, 2021. Building on the wonderful response to NISO Plus 2020, we’re bringing the same quality of content and conversation to this born-digital event, with dozens of amazing speakers and keynotes from across the globe. Scheduled to maximize attendance from as many timezones as possible, there will be things for you to see and do around the clock if you wish...or, pick and choose to make the experience perfect for your interests.

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Tuesday, February 23 • 11:00am - 12:15pm
Solving problems with standards

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NISO Discourse Discussion for this session

NISO Recommended Practices for Video and Audio Metadata
Although many metadata standards address video and audio assets to some extent, a clear, commonly understood, and widely used set of properties is lacking. This is particularly problematic when assets are interchanged between their producers, such as educators, researchers, and documentarians, and their recipients, such as aggregators, libraries, and archives.

The NISO Video and Audio Metadata Working Group (VAMD) was formed to address this problem. Composed of technologists, librarians, aggregators, and publishers, the working group collaborated to develop a set of metadata properties deemed generally useful for the interchange of media assets. This includes bibliographic properties used for identification and citation, semantic properties useful for search and discovery, technical properties specific to media assets, and administrative properties to facilitate transactions.

This model is not intended to employ or replace existing metadata standards and vocabularies. Instead, the VAMD terms are a set of recommended properties to be expressed in the appropriate metadata scheme for specific parties, serving as a hub to facilitate interchange between parties that use different metadata schemes.

This session will present the current state of media asset interchange, the use cases addressed, and the results of a comparison with nine existing related standards, such as MARC and PBCore.

Introducing the Software Citation: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due
Research is commonly intense and complicated. The work to analyze a hypothesis involves building on the discovery of others and contributing new ideas and approaches. Sometimes researchers use tools designed for their community that are licensed or open source, and sometimes they must develop their own software or workflow in order to achieve their objectives. This software (aka code, model) is an important research object that supports transparency and reproducibility of our research. Without the software, it can be much harder or impossible to fully understand how the resulting data were generated and to have faith in the conclusions presented in the paper.

In this session we will share (via slides) 1) the guidance developed by the FORCE11 Software Citation Implementation Working Group for authors, developers, and journals; 2) how it supports and aligns to efforts happening around JATS/JATS4R; and 3) ways for the community to evaluate how well software citations, and necessary availability statements are being provided by authors.

Subsetting the JATS DTD – So What?
As scholarly publishers transition from manual, PDF-based workflows to automated, XML-based workflows, they will find important advantages in subsetting the JATS (Journal Article Tag Suite) DTD.

JATS was designed as a descriptive, not a prescriptive, DTD, so it allows for different ways to capture the same content and information. While this was necessary to accommodate widely divergent journal styles and legacy content, the looseness of the DTD poses problems for people building tools to bring XML forward in more automated publishing workflows. For example, building an online XML editor that allows all 11 ways of associating authors and affiliations would be unnecessarily complex and expensive to develop and maintain.

Fortunately, the JATS DTD was also designed to be easily subsetted. Content analysts can narrow the variations that developers are required to build to, making automated systems cheaper to develop and more robust. A well-designed subset that considers industry initiatives such as JATS4R also aids in making XML content more machine-readable and thus more discoverable.

avatar for Greg Grazevich

Greg Grazevich

Modern Language Association
Gregory Grazevich is associate director of Bibliographic Information Services at the Modern Language Association of America and editor of the MLA International Bibliography. He joined the MLA in 1994 as a thesaurus editor after receiving an MA in Slavic and Baltic linguistics at the... Read More →

avatar for Daniel Katz

Daniel Katz

N/A, University of Illinois
Dan is Chief Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and Research Associate Professor in Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the School of Information Sciences (iSchool), at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. In past... Read More →
avatar for Melissa Harrison

Melissa Harrison

Team Leader, Literature Services, EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute
Team Leader, Literature Services, EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute
avatar for Charles O'Connor

Charles O'Connor

Business Systems Analyst, Aries Systems
XML-through journal production workflows
avatar for Bill Kasdorf

Bill Kasdorf

Principal, Kasdorf & Associates, LLC
Bill Kasdorf, kasdorf.bill@gmail.com, is Principal of Kasdorf & Associates, LLC, focusing on editorial and production workflows, XML/HTML/EPUB modeling and specification, standards and best practices, and accessibility. He is a founding partner of Publishing Technology Partners. Bill is the W3C Global Publishing Evangelist and is active in the W3C Publishing@W3C work. He co-chairs NISO’s Video & Audio Metadata Guidelines Working Group, is a member and Past President of SSP, and is also a member of BISG’s Workflow Working Group, IPTC, and the DAISY Co... Read More →
avatar for Erika Pastrana

Erika Pastrana

Editorial Director, Springer Nature
Erika is responsible for management and editorial direction of Nature journals in applied sciences and chemistry (including Nature Biotechnology, Nature Medicine, Nature Methods, Nature Chemistry and Nature Machine Intelligence). She is part of the senior management group at Nature... Read More →
avatar for Violaine Iglesias

Violaine Iglesias

CEO, Cofounder, Cadmore Media
I talk WAY to much about video and video metadata, but I have other interests, too!
avatar for Barbara Chen

Barbara Chen

Consultant, self
Barbara Chen has been in the information industry for her entire professional career. Soon after receiving her MLS, she joined the H.W. Wilson Company as an indexer. She subsequently developed her technological skills when computers were introduced into the company and she became... Read More →

Tuesday February 23, 2021 11:00am - 12:15pm EST
Room 2
  NISO Now
  • Host Organization NISO